Saffron is the most expensive spice in the world. The botanical name of Saffron is Crocus sativus.
The purple colored flowers appear just above the ground and are a beautiful sight. The orange stigmas of the saffron plant are harvested as saffron and used as a flavoring and coloring food, desserts, and drinks in several recipes. Saffron has a long history of use in traditional medicine too. It has also been used as a fabric dye, particularly in China and India, and in perfumery. It is used for religious purposes in India.
There are different types of Saffron including Negin, All-Red (Sargol), Poushal, Bunch (Dastehi), Style (Konj).
The kind of Saffron has the highest aroma and coloring power among the other kinds and its volume is higher, too.
This kind of Saffron is really pure and without style so it is completely red. It has very high coloring power.
This kind of Saffron contains filaments which have 2- or 3 mm style Due to the presence of style, its aroma is high.
This kind of saffron consists of both style and red-colored stigma. The red part along with the style are placed on each other and tied by a string.
It`s yellow or white parts of Saffron threads which are separated from red-colored stigma.
Iran is one of the oldest regions known to have cultivated Saffron. Iran`s agricultural and garden products including Saffron enjoy high quality due to the variety in its climatic conditions. Iran now accounts for approximately 90% of the world production of saffron.
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